Choose as large of a pot as you can so the cardamom has plenty of space to grow. Its seed pods have a strong, camphor-like flavour, with a smoky character derived from the method of drying. Ensure you don't spray too much water or the roots may begin to rot. Once the cardamom is dry, you can open the capsules and crush the cardamom to cook or bake with. Black cardamom is a very popular spice in India and other Asian cuisines and is derived from the seed pods of the black cardamom plant, which is one of the many species in the Zingiberaceae family. Digestion. Lauren has worked for Aurora, Colorado managing the Water-Wise Garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the Water Conservation Department. Avoid planting seeds too deep since they may not sprout if they don’t get adequate sun. Cardamom grows naturally on the hot and humid jungle floors of Southeast Asia, but they can be grown in the US if the climate is right. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. In this case, 93% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. Thank you.". Tip: If you use seeds that you gather from a cardamom plant, get them from a plant that's at least 5 years old. Keep in mind that it will take a few years for the plants to put on a lot of growth. In traditional Chinese medicine, black cardamom is used for stomach disorders and malaria. Plant a few cardamom seeds indoors and let them grow for a few months so they sprout above the soil. This article was co-authored by Lauren Kurtz. Black cardamom's scientific name is Amomum subulatum. Ethnopharmacological Approaches for Therapy of Jaundice: Part I. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Black_cardamom&oldid=990970819, Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine, Articles with disputed statements from November 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 15:45. It takes about 30-45 days to germinate cardamom seeds so they poke through the soil, and it takes about 90 days for the seedlings to grow large enough to be able to survive being transplanted outside. Cardamom is one of the most expensive spices in the world, but fortunately, you can grow your own if you live in a hot, humid climate. ", "Added this into my bookmark. Its seed pods have a strong, camphor-like flavour, with a smoky character derived from the method of drying. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 93,630 times. If you live in an area with temperatures that can get below 60 °F (16 °C), you may want to plant the seedlings in large pots so you can bring them inside when it gets too cold. At least two distinct species of black cardamom occur: Amomum subulatum (also known as Nepal cardamom) and Amomum tsao-ko. Cardamom plants will continue to produce more cardamom seeds every year. Transplant the seedlings to a shady place in your yard. Last Updated: April 6, 2020 Cardamom grows well in the US Department of Agricultural zones 10 through 12, which includes the very bottom of Florida and the coasts of Southern California. Tewari D, Mocan A, Parvanov ED, Sah AN, Nabavi SM, Huminiecki L, Ma ZF, Lee YY, Horbańczuk JO, Atanasov AG. The pods have a tough, dried, wrinkly skin, are roughly one inch in length, and house small, sticky, dark-colored seeds. Approved. Amomum subulatum, also known as Black cardamom, hill cardamom,[1] Bengal cardamom,[1] greater cardamom,[1] Indian cardamom,[1] Nepal cardamom,[1] winged cardamom,[1] big cardamon,[2][3] or brown cardamom, is a perennial herbaceous plant in the family Zingiberaceae. Once the cardamom is planted in the soil outside, it takes about 2-3 years before you can harvest their fruit, and some plants can even take up to 4-5 years. Respiration. Some plants may take up to 4-5 years until they bloom. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. The pods are used as a spice, in a similar manner to the green Indian cardamom pods, but with a different flavour. % of people told us that this article helped them. If you’re transplanting the seedlings, plant them 1-inch-deep and 10 inches apart. She earned a BA in Environmental and Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan University in 2014. https://www.webindia123.com/garden/herb_spi/cardamom.htm, https://balconygardenweb.com/how-to-grow-cardamom-growing-cardamom-elaichi/, https://www.bhg.com/gardening/yard/soil/what-is-well-drained-soil/, https://www.agrifarming.in/cardamom-farming/, https://www.gardenista.com/posts/spice-kit-how-to-grow-ginger-turmeric-cardamom-at-home/, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. Commonly, you can find two types of cardamom: Green (originating in India and Sri Lanka) and black (in Nepal and Himalayan states of India). For more tips from our Gardening co-author, including how to harvest your cardamom, read on! Keep the soil moist and add an organic fertilizer twice a month during growing season. Cardamom grows well in the US Department of Agricultural zones 10 through 12, which includes the very bottom of Florida and the coasts of Southern California. Wait 35 to 45 days in between each picking, so more of the cardamom can ripen. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Unlike green cardamom, this spice is rarely used in sweet dishes. Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. Although the plants flower early in the year, wait to begin harvesting until October or November, so the cardamom can ripen. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. http://www.miltopexports.com/cardamom.htm, "Big Cardamom Cultivation in Bhutan - Production - Consumption", Spice Pages: Black Cardamom (Amomum subulatum). 2. To get the seeds started, fill a 1-foot deep pot with loamy soil. To add nutrients back to the soil, you'll also need to spread aged manure or compost once a year. In Hindi it is called बड़ी इलाइची (baḍī ilāichī). Lauren Kurtz is a Naturalist and Horticultural Specialist. The cardamom plants will need even more water during the summer when they're growing the fruit. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. 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