Watch for these birds pausing and running across grassy areas such as athletic fields, golf courses, and school playgrounds. This information is used to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Collisions with windows, communications towers, and car strikes are other common hazards. Nest: Three to four pastel-blue eggs are laid in a neat deep cup made of mud and grass. While robins are best known for their worm-loving appetite, they also eat many other types of insects. During the winter, birds may congregate in large flocks. Although homesick settlers named it after the European Robin because of its reddish-orange breast, the two species are not closely related. Robins are popular birds for their warm orange breast, cheery song, and early appearance at the end of winter. American Robin chicks in nest. Our Cats Indoors and Bird-Smart Glass programs in particular offer solutions for making backyards safer. Many of ABC's policy programs help to reduce the impacts of these hazards. Although DDT has been banned in the United States, other toxic chemicals such as neonicotinoids, chlorpyrifos, and glyphosate (used in the familiar weed-killer Round-Up) are still in use. The female parent does the majority of the incubation for 12-14 days, and she is also responsible for most of the feeding during the 14-16 days of the nestling stage before juvenile birds are ready to leave the nest. The American Robin is one of the species that is clearly showing northward shifts in its distribution as a result of global warming. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. American robins readily visit backyards, often foraging for worms and insects in the grass. Unlike many other birds, the American Robin seems to have benefited from urbanization and agricultural development. Because they stay in many areas through the winter and will migrate early when the first signs of spring are barely noticeable, seeing the first American robin is a welcome indication that spring is on the way for many people. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, state birds of Connecticut, Michigan, and Wisconsin, attack their own reflections in glass windows or chrome car bumpers, turning their heads to look for worms and insects, Overuse of pesticides can be hazardous to robins. Pesticides can also affect populations of earthworms, a major food source for this bird. These indistinct markings help camouflage the young birds until they can better care for themselves, and within a few weeks after leaving the nest, the spots will fade. The back is gray or brown-gray and the chest and abdomen are red or red-orange. This fact sheet explores all that makes American robins distinctive and interesting. Often believed to be the first bird of spring, the American robin is actually one of the most common and familiar backyard birds all year long. The legs and feet are dark. The head is dark gray on females and black on males, and the black eye is surrounded by a broken white eye ring. For example, the Scarlet Tanager's burry song is often described as "a robin in a hurry, with a sore throat," while the Rose-breasted Grosbeak's song is characterized as a sweeter, smoother version of the robin's — "a robin that's taken voice lessons." Robins feed on fruits and berries (especially in fall and winter), earthworms, snails, spiders, and insects such as grubs, caterpillars, and grasshoppers. Although its populations are increasing, it remains vulnerable to many of the same factors threatening less adaptable species. Melissa Mayntz has been a birder and wild bird enthusiast for 30+ years. The American Robin is a thrush, related to the Wood Thrush, Swainson's Thrush, and Varied Thrush, while the European Robin is an Old World flycatcher. It is one of the first birds to sing in the morning, often beginning well before dawn, and one of the last to be heard at night. In a mild year, they may migrate very little, or not at all. American Robin pairs remain together for that year's nesting. Most people are familiar with the sight of American Robins hopping busily to and fro on lawns and in other open spaces, pulling up earthworms. Nests are generally positioned in sheltered areas with cover from rain. American robins are frequently found in open areas, including gardens, parks, yards, and golf courses. The robin’s song is familiar to many birders with its high, varied pitch warble. Pesticide poisoning remains an important threat, since American Robins forage on lawns and other open spaces that are often sprayed with toxins. Scientific name: Turdus migratorius Common name: American Robin (Information for this Species Page was compiled by Sarah Allison for Biology 220W at Penn State New Kensington in Spring 2000) The American robin is one of the most widely recognized birds in North America. In addition, this species has a variety of distinctive calls, including a shrill cheep alarm call and a low tuktuktuk when disturbed. Feral cats and outdoor pets are also a grave threat to American robins, especially juvenile birds in suburban areas. The female chooses the nest site and builds the cup-shaped nest, making a new one for each clutch of three to four sky-blue eggs.

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